Test propionate weight gain

The second theory is similar and is known as "evolutionary neuroandrogenic (ENA) theory of male aggression". [77] [78] Testosterone and other androgens have evolved to masculinize a brain in order to be competitive even to the point of risking harm to the person and others. By doing so, individuals with masculinized brains as a result of pre-natal and adult life testosterone and androgens enhance their resource acquiring abilities in order to survive, attract and copulate with mates as much as possible. [77] The masculinization of the brain is not just mediated by testosterone levels at the adult stage, but also testosterone exposure in the womb as a fetus. Higher pre-natal testosterone indicated by a low digit ratio as well as adult testosterone levels increased risk of fouls or aggression among male players in a soccer game. [79] Studies have also found higher pre-natal testosterone or lower digit ratio to be correlated with higher aggression in males. [80] [81] [82] [83] [84]

If an androgen-associated adverse reaction occurs, treatment should be interrupted and, after disappearance of the symptoms, be resumed at a lower dosage. Patients with latent or overt cardiac failure, renal dysfunction, hypertension, epilepsy or migraine (or a history of these conditions) should be monitored, since androgens may occasionally induce salt and fluid retention. Androgens should be used cautiously in pre-pubertal boys to avoid premature epiphyseal closure or precocious sexual development. A decrease in protein bound iodine (PBI) may occur,but this has no clinical significance. Treatment of male patients over the age of approximately 50 years with androgens should be preceded by a thorough examination of prostate and baseline measurement of prostate-specific antigen serum concentration.

Test propionate weight gain

test propionate weight gain


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